Bacterial Expression of a Human Recombinant Monoclonal Antibody Fab Fragment Against Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

Bacterial Expression of a Human Recombinant Monoclonal Antibody Fab Fragment Against Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

Bacterial Expression of a Human Recombinant Monoclonal Antibody Fab Fragment Against Hepatitis B Surface Antigen

Abstract

The Fab fragment was cloned from the monoclonal cell line TAPC301-CL4, which was produced using the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) transformation method. This cell line produces a human monoclonal antibody (CL4MAb) against the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). This MAb was shown to have hepatitis B virus (HBV) neutralizing activity in chimpanzees. The Fab fragment was produced by subjecting the heavy and light chain antibodygenes of the TAPC301-CL4 cell line to reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, cloning the products in the plasmid vector pFab1-His2 and introducing the plasmid into bacteria. Sequence analyses of the CL4Fab fragment revealed that the light and heavy chains belong to the Vk3a and VH3 groups of the immunoglobulin (Ig) family, respectively. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay confirmed that specificity of the recombinant CL4Fab antibody against HBsAg was the same as that of the parental MAb. Flow cytometric analysis using PLC/PRF/5 (Alexander) cells, which express HBsAg, showed the reactivities of the CL4MAb and CL4Fab antibody were the same. These results suggest that the recombinant CL4Fabantibody produced by Escherichia coli using the new vector-primer system developed for human IgG Fab fragments has a very high affinity for the HBsAg and may be useful clinically. A source for generation of human MAb for human therapy with very stable and specific expression was thus produced by isolating antibodies from EBV-transformed cell lines.

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