Bioremediation of Turbid SurfaceWater Using Seed Extract from Moringa oleifera Lam. (Drumstick) Tree

Bioremediation of Turbid SurfaceWater Using Seed Extract from Moringa oleifera Lam. (Drumstick) Tree

Bioremediation of Turbid SurfaceWater Using Seed Extract from Moringa oleifera Lam. (Drumstick) Tree

ABSTRACT

An indigenous water treatment method uses Moringa oleifera seeds in the form of a
water-soluble extract in suspension, resulting in an effective natural clarification agent
for highly turbid and untreated pathogenic surface water. Efficient reduction (80.0%
to 99.5%) of high turbidity produces an aesthetically clear supernatant, concurrently
accompanied by 90.00% to 99.99% (1 to 4 log) bacterial reduction. Application of
this low-cost Moringa oleifera protocol is recommended for simplified, point-of-use,
low-risk water treatment where rural and peri-urban people living in extreme poverty are
presently drinking highly turbid and microbiologically contaminated water.

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