Contents

Acknowledgments

Contributors

Preface

VOLUME 1

Section 1 General Knowledge

Chapter 1 Musculoskeletal Imaging

C. Benjamin Ma, MD
Rina P. Patel, MD

Chapter 2 Coagulation and Thromboembolism

Jared R. H. Foran, MD
Craig J. Della Valle, MD

Chapter 3 Normal and Pathologic Gait

Keith Baldwin, MD, MSPT, MPH
Mary Ann Keenan, MD

Chapter 4 Orthoses, Amputations, and Prostheses

Keith Baldwin, MD, MSPT, MPH
Mary Ann Keenan, MD

Chapter 5 Occupational Health/Work-�Related Injury and Illness

Peter J. Mandell, MD

Chapter 6 Anesthesiology

Steve Melton, MD
Richard E. Moon, MD, FRCPC, FACP, FCCP

Chapter 7 Electrophysiologic Assessment

Adam J. La Bore, MD

Chapter 8 Neuro-�orthopaedics and Rehabilitation

Keith Baldwin, MD, MSPT, MPH
Mary Ann Keenan, MD

Chapter 9 Medicolegal Issues

David A. Halsey, MD

Chapter 10 Medical Ethics

Ross E. McKinney Jr, MD

Section 2 Spine

Chapter 11 Anatomy of the Spine

Arya Nick Shamie, MD
Don Young Park, MD

Chapter 12 Physical Examination of the Spine

Alan S. Hilibrand, MD

Chapter 13 Diagnostics and Nonsurgical Treatment of Spinal Disorders

Christopher Ornelas, MD
Zorica Buser, PhD
Arash Ghaffari, MD
Jeffrey C. Wang, MD

Chapter 14 Adult Spinal Deformity

Michael Patrick Kelly, MD, MSc
Jim A. Youssef, MD

Chapter 15 Infections of the Spine

Peter G. Whang, MD, FACS
Arya G. Varthi, MD
Jonathan N. Grauer, MD

Chapter 16 Spinal Trauma

Azeem Tariq Malik, MBBS
Elizabeth Yu, MD
Warren D. Yu, MD
Safdar N. Khan, MD

Chapter 17 Degenerative Conditions of the Cervical Spine

Thomas D. Cha, MD, MBA
K. Daniel Riew, MD
Jeffrey C. Wang, MD

Chapter 18 Lumbar Degenerative Disease and Low Back Pain

Thomas Edward Mroz, MD
Michael P. Steinmetz, MD

Chapter 19 Assessment and Treatment of Osteoporosis and Vertebral Fractures

Paul A. Anderson, MD

Chapter 20 Inflammatory Diseases of the Spine

Yu-�Po Lee, MD

Chapter 21 Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Seth K. Williams, MD

Chapter 22 Imaging of the Spine

Raymond J. Hah, MD
Ram K. Alluri, MD

Section 3 Hand and Wrist

Chapter 23 Anatomy of the Hand and Wrist

Fraser J. Leversedge, MD

Chapter 24 Carpal Instability

Sanjeev Kakar, MD, FAOA
Joshua Allan Gillis, MD

Chapter 25 Arthritides of the Hand and Wrist

Peter J. Ostergaard, MD
Tamara D. Rozental, MD

Chapter 26 Congenital Hand and Wrist Differences and Brachial Plexus Birth Injury

Donald S. Bae, MD

Chapter 27 Traumatic Brachial Plexus Injuries

Thomas J. Christensen, MD
Allen T. Bishop, MD
Robert J. Spinner, MD
Alexander Y. Shin, MD

Chapter 28 Nerve Injuries and Nerve Transfers

Lance M. Brunton, MD

Chapter 29 Tendon Transfers for Peripheral Nerve Injuries in the Upper Extremity

D. Nicole Deal, MD

Chapter 30 Flexor and Extensor Tendon Injuries

Robin Kamal, MD
P. Kaveh Mansuripur, MD

Chapter 31 Tendinopathy of the Hand and Wrist

Carl M. Harper, MD

Chapter 32 Dupuytren Contracture

Philip E. Blazar, MD

Chapter 33 Burns and Frostbite

Jeffry T. Watson, MD

Chapter 34 Infections of the Hand

Andrea Halim, MD

Chapter 35 Nerve Compression Syndromes

Ranjan Gupta, MD

Chapter 36 Replantations in the Upper Extremities

Amitava Gupta, MD, FRCS

Chapter 37 Soft-�Tissue Coverage

Martin I. Boyer, MD, MSc, FRCS(C)
Daniel J. Lee, MD

Chapter 38 Acute and Chronic Vascular Disorders of the Hand and Wrist

Tamara D. Rozental, MD

Chapter 39 Wrist Arthroscopy

Charles A. Goldfarb, MD

Section 4 Total Joint Preservation and Arthroplasty

Hip
Chapter 40 General Evaluation of the Hip Patient

Gregory G. Polkowski, MD
Jay R. Lieberman, MD

Chapter 41 Radiographic Evaluation of the Hip

Ritesh R. Shah, MD
Frank C. Bohnenkamp, MD

Chapter 42 Surgical Anatomy of the Hip

Denis Nam, MD, MSc

Chapter 43 Nonarthroplasty Surgical Treatment of the Hip

Jeffrey J. Nepple, MD
John C. Clohisy, MD
Perry L. Schoenecker, MD

Chapter 44 Primary Hip Arthroplasty

Alejandro Gonzalez Della Valle, MD
Michael L. Parks, MD

Chapter 45 Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty

James A. Keeney, MD

Knee
Chapter 46 General Evaluation of the Knee Patient

Gregory J. Pinkowsky, MD
David R. Maish, MD

Chapter 47 Radiographic Evaluation and Surgical Anatomy of the Knee

James A. Keeney, MD

Chapter 48 Nonarthroplasty Surgical Treatment of the Knee

Kenneth M. Vaz, MD
Kevin M. Casey, MD
William D. Bugbee, MD

Chapter 49 Primary Knee Arthroplasty

Samuel S. Wellman, MD
Michael P. Bolognesi, MD

Chapter 50 Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty

Michael D. Ries, MD
Ryan M. Nunley, MD

Miscellaneous
Chapter 51 Biomechanics and Wear in Joint Arthroplasty

Andrew Bodrogi, MD, FRCSC
Vickas Khanna, MD, MHA, FRCSC
Mario Lamontagne, PhD
Paul Beaul�, MD, FRCSC

Chapter 52 Periprosthetic Joint Infections

Erik N. Hansen, MD
Javad Parvizi, MD, FRCS

Chapter 53 Periprosthetic Fractures Associated With Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty

Greg Erens, MD

Section 5 Basic Science

Chapter 54 Orthopaedic Molecular and Cellular Biology, Genetics, and Immunology

Jun Li, MD, PhD
Bo Li, MD, PhD
Sean V. Cahill, BA
Francis Y. Lee, MD, PhD

Chapter 55 Skeletal Development

Kornelis Poelstra, MD, PhD

Chapter 56 Musculoskeletal Infections and ?Microbiology

Gary A. Miller, MD

Chapter 57 Biomechanics

Vijay K. Goel, PhD
Nikhil Kulkarni, MS
Jonathan N. Grauer, MD

Chapter 58 Biomaterials

Reed A. Ayers, MS, PhD
Kern Singh, MD

Chapter 59 Bone Grafts, Bone Morphogenetic Proteins, and Bone Substitutes

Hyun W. Bae, MD
Linda E. A. Kanim, MA
Sean S. Rajaee, MD
Jae Hyuk Yang, MD, PhD

Chapter 60 Bone and Joint Biology

John C. Clohisy, MD
Dieter M. Lindskog, MD
Yousef Abu-�Amer, PhD

Chapter 61 Articular Cartilage and Osteoarthritis

Jesse E. Bible, MD
Karen M. Sutton, MD
Jonathan N. Grauer, MD

Chapter 62 Tendons and Ligaments

Stavros Thomopoulos, PhD

Chapter 63 Peripheral Nervous System

Seth D. Dodds, MD

Chapter 64 Skeletal Muscle

Joseph B. Kahan, MD
Michael J. Medvecky, MD

Chapter 65 Intervertebral Disk

S. Tim Yoon, MD, PhD
Michael D. Smith, MD

Chapter 66 Statistics: Practical Applications for Orthopaedics

Mohit Bhandari, MD, PhD, FRCSC
Raman Mundi, MD, MSc, PhD(c), FRCSC
Khaled J. Saleh, MD, MSc, FRCSC, MHCM
Wendy M. Novicoff, PhD

Chapter 67 Evidence-�Based Medicine

Khaled J. Saleh, MD, MSc, FRCSC, MHCM
Wendy M. Novicoff, PhD

Chapter 68 Biologics and Current Applications

Shawn G. Anthony, MD, MBA
Melissa Leber, MD

VOLUME 2

Section 6 Shoulder and Elbow

Chapter 69 Anatomy of the Shoulder, Arm, and Elbow

Gregory Gramstad, MD

Chapter 70 Physical Examination of the Shoulder and Elbow

Bogdan A. Matache, MD, CM, FRCSC
Braden Gammon, MD, MSc, FRCSC
George S. Athwal, MD, FRCSC
Ryan T. Bicknell, MD, MSc, FRCS(C)

Chapter 71 Imaging of the Shoulder and Elbow

Shadley C. Schiffern, MD
Nady Hamid, MD

Chapter 72 Rotator Cuff Tears and Cuff Tear Arthropathy

Anand M. Murthi, MD
Mario H. Lobao, MD

Chapter 73 The Unstable Shoulder

Steven M. Andelman, MD
Augustus D. Mazzocca, MS, MD
Robert A. Arciero, MD

Chapter 74 Adhesive Capsulitis

Jay D. Keener, MD

Chapter 75 Arthritis and Arthroplasty of the Shoulder

Surena Namdari, MD, MSc

Chapter 76 Disorders of the Acromioclavicular Joint

Jay D. Keener, MD
Brendan M. Patterson, MD, MPH

Chapter 77 Disorders of the Sternoclavicular Joint

Jason E. Hsu, MD
Jay D. Keener, MD

Chapter 78 Superior Labrum Anterior to Posterior Tears and Lesions of the Proximal Biceps Tendon

Marc S. Kowalsky, MD, MBA

Chapter 79 Lateral and Medial Epicondylitis

John-�Erik Bell, MD, MS

Chapter 80 Elbow Stiffness

Alexander W. Aleem, MD, MSc

Chapter 81 Acute and Recurrent Elbow Instability

Gary F. Updegrove, MD
Charles L. Getz, MD

Chapter 82 Arthritis and Arthroplasty of the Elbow

Peter N. Chalmers, MD

Chapter 83 Distal Biceps Tendon Injuries

Reza Omid, MD

Chapter 84 Elbow Injuries in the Athlete

Christopher S. Ahmad, MD
Michael L. Knudsen, MD

Chapter 85 Disorders of the Scapula

Reza Omid, MD

Section 7 Trauma

Chapter 86 Evaluation of the Trauma Patient

Joshua L. Gary, MD, FAOA

Chapter 87 Gunshot Wounds and Open Fractures

Daniel J. Stinner, MD, FACS

Chapter 88 Nonunions, Malunions, and Osteomyelitis

Geoffrey S. Marecek, MD

Chapter 89 Fractures of the Clavicle, Scapula, and Glenoid

Peter A. Cole, MD
Steven R. Gammon, MD
Tony Pedri, MD

Chapter 90 Proximal Humeral Fractures

Clifford B. Jones, MD, FACS
Blake A. Eyberg, MD

Chapter 91 Fractures of the Humeral Shaft and the Distal Humerus

Richard S. Yoon, MD
Frank A. Liporace, MD

Chapter 92 Fractures of the Elbow

Niloofar Dehghan, MD, MSc, FRCS(C)
Michael D. McKee, MD, FRCS(C)

Chapter 93 Terrible Triad Injuries of the Elbow

Robert Z. Tashjian, MD

Chapter 94 Forearm Trauma and Diaphyseal Fractures

Christopher M. McAndrew, MD, MSc

Chapter 95 Hand Trauma

David C. Ring, MD, PhD
Steven L. Moran, MD
Marco Rizzo, MD
Alexander Y. Shin, MD

Chapter 96 Wrist Fractures and Dislocations, Carpal Dissociation, and Distal Radius Fractures

David C. Ring, MD, PhD
Steven L. Moran, MD
Marco Rizzo, MD
Alexander Y. Shin, MD

Chapter 97 Pelvic, Acetabular, and Sacral Fractures

Raymond D. Wright Jr, MD

Chapter 98 Hip Dislocations and Femoral Head Fractures

John A. Scolaro, MD, MA

Chapter 99 Fractures of the Hip

Steven J. Morgan, MD

Chapter 100 Fractures of the Femoral Shaft and Distal Femur

Mark J. Gage, MD
Richard S. Yoon, MD

Chapter 101 Knee Dislocations and Patellar Fractures

David S. Wellman, MD
Gregory S. DiFelice, MD

Chapter 102 Tibial Plateau and Tibial-�Fibular Shaft Fractures

Kenneth A. Egol, MD

Chapter 103 Fractures of the Ankle and Tibial Plafond

Christopher Del Balso, BSc, MSc, MBBS, FRCSC
David W. Sanders, MD, MSc, FRCSC
Kenneth A. Egol, MD

Chapter 104 Foot Trauma

Nirmal C. Tejwani, MD
Nelson Fong SooHoo, MD

Chapter 105 Geriatric Trauma

Sanjit R. Konda, MD
Philipp Leucht, MD

Chapter 106 Acute Compartment Syndrome

Adam K. Lee, MD

Chapter 107 Rib Cage Fractures and Flail Chest

Paul M. Lafferty, MD

Section 8 Foot and Ankle

Chapter 108 Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Foot and Ankle

Vincent James Sammarco, MD
Ross Taylor, MD

Chapter 109 Regional Anesthesia for Foot and Ankle Surgery

Randall J. Malchow, MD
Rajnish K. Gupta, MD

Chapter 110 Disorders of the First Ray

Thomas Padanilam, MD

Chapter 111 Forefoot Disorders

Steven M. Raikin, MD

Chapter 112 Acute and Chronic Injuries of the Ankle

John G. Anderson, MD
Donald R. Bohay, MD, FACS

Chapter 113 Arthroscopy of the Ankle

Benedict F. DiGiovanni, MD, FAOA
Jessica M. Kohring, MD

Chapter 114 Arthritides of the Foot and Ankle

Samuel B. Adams, MD
Mark E. Easley, MD

Chapter 115 Tendon Disorders of the Foot and Ankle

Simon Lee, MD
Johnny Lin, MD

Chapter 116 Heel Pain

David R. Richardson, MD
E. Greer Richardson, MD

Chapter 117 Neurologic Disorders of the Foot and Ankle

Dane K. Wukich, MD

Chapter 118 The Diabetic Foot and Ankle

Terrence Philbin, DO
Gregory C. Berlet, MD
David Goss Jr, DO
Adam Halverson, DO

Chapter 119 Tumors and Infections of the Foot and Ankle

Kathleen S. Beebe, MD
Valerie A. Fitzhugh, MD1231

Section 9 Sports Medicine

Chapter 120 Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Knee

Eric C. McCarty, MD
David R. McAllister, MD
James P. Leonard, MD

Chapter 121 Extensor Mechanism Injuries

Christian Lattermann, MD
Elizabeth A. Arendt, MD
Jack Andrish, MD
Morgan H. Jones, MD, MPH

Chapter 122 Ligamentous Injuries of the Knee

Carolyn M. Hettrich, MD, MPH
Robert G. Marx, MD, MSc, FRCSC
Richard D. Parker, MD
Matthew J. Matava, MD
Jon K. Sekiya, MD

Chapter 123 Meniscal Injuries

Matthew V. Smith, MD
Rick W. Wright, MD

Chapter 124 Articular Cartilage Injury and Treatment

Robert H. Brophy, MD
Warren R. Dunn, MD, MS
Brian R. Wolf, MD, MS

Chapter 125 Overuse Injuries

Armando F. Vidal, MD
Annunziato Amendola, MD
Christopher C. Kaeding, MD
Timothy L. Miller, MD

Chapter 126 Concussion and Common Neurologic Sports Injuries

Allen K. Sills, MD, FACS
Gary Solomon, PhD
John E. Kuhn, MD, MS

Chapter 127 Medical Aspects of Sports Participation

David G. Liddle, MD
Robert Warne Fitch, MD
Mark Halstead, MD

Chapter 128 Prevention and Rehabilitation of Sports Injuries

Timothy E. Hewett, PhD
Bruce Beynnon, PhD
Robert A. Magnussen, MD
Jon Divine, MD, MS
Glenn N. Williams, PT, PhD, ATC

Section 10 Pediatrics

Chapter 129 Skeletal Dysplasias and Mucopolysaccharidoses

Samantha A. Spencer, MD

Chapter 130 Pediatric Musculoskeletal Disorders and ?Syndromes

Samantha A. Spencer, MD

Chapter 131 Pediatric Neuromuscular Disorders

Margaret Siobhan Murphy-Zane, MD

Chapter 132 Musculoskeletal Infection of Children and Adolescents

Nicole Montgomery, MD
Howard R. Epps, MD
Scott B. Rosenfeld, MD

Chapter 133 The Pediatric Hip

Travis H. Matheney, MD, MLA
Vidyadhar V. Upasani, MD

Chapter 134 Pediatric Foot Conditions

Anthony A. Scaduto, MD
Nathan L. Frost, MD

Chapter 135 Pediatric Lower Extremity Deformities and Limb Deficiencies

Anthony A. Scaduto, MD
Nathan L. Frost, MD

Chapter 136 Limb Deformity Analysis

David W. Lowenberg, MD
Malcolm R. DeBaun, MD

Chapter 137 Musculoskeletal Conditions and Injuries in the Young Athlete

Jay C. Albright, MD
Alexia G. Gagliardi, BA
Stephanie W. Mayer, MD

Chapter 138 Pediatric Polytrauma and Upper Extremity Fractures

Erin Meisel, MD
Robert M. Kay, MD

Chapter 139 Pediatric Pelvic and Lower Extremity Fractures

Oussama Abousamra, MD
Robert M. Kay, MD

Chapter 140 Pediatric Spine

Brian A. Kelly, MD
Scott J. Luhmann, MD
David L. Skaggs, MD, MMM

Section 11 Oncology

Chapter 141 Overview of Orthopaedic Oncology and Systemic Disease

Frank J. Frassica, MD

Chapter 142 Principles of Treatment of Musculoskeletal Tumors

Frank J. Frassica, MD

Chapter 143 Benign Bone Tumors and Reactive Lesions

Kristy L. Weber, MD

Chapter 144 Malignant Bone Tumors

Kristy L. Weber, MD

Chapter 145 Benign Soft-�Tissue Tumors and Reactive Lesions

Kristy L. Weber, MD

Chapter 146 Malignant Soft-�Tissue Tumors

Kristy L. Weber, MD

Chapter 147 Miscellaneous Lesions

Frank J. Frassica, MD

Chapter 148 Metastatic Bone Disease

Kristy L. Weber, MD

Chapter 149 Metabolic Bone and Inflammatory Joint Disease

Frank J. Frassica, MD

VOLUME 3

Chapter 150 Spine

Chapter 151 Hand and Wrist

Chapter 152 Total Joint ?Preservation ?and Arthroplasty

Chapter 153 Basic Science

Chapter 154 Shoulder ?and Elbow

Chapter 155 Trauma

Chapter 156 Foot and Ankle

Chapter 157 Sports Medicine

Chapter 158 Pediatrics

Chapter 159 Oncology

Index