Table of Contents

Cover image

Title page

Copyright

Dedication

How to use

Contributors

Reviewers

Preface

About the authors

Acknowledgments

UNIT 1.�The Development of Nursing

1.�The evolution of professional nursing

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Prehistoric period

Early civilization

The middle ages

The renaissance and the reformation period

The Colonial American period

Florence nightingale

Nursing in the United States

Summary

References

2.�The contemporary image of professional nursing

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Images of nursing

Why image is important

Registered nurse supply

Nursing in art and literature

The enduring public concern with nursing

The reality of the contemporary staff nurse

Facts about today’s registered nurse

Creating the image of twenty-first century nursing

The basics

The look of nursing

Creating a new image

Summary

References

3.�The influence of contemporary trends and issues on nursing education

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Introduction

Trends and issues in contemporary nursing education

Diversity in nursing education programs

Flexible education, mobility, and distance-learning programs

Summary

References

4.�Nursing licensure and certification

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

The history of nursing licensure

Components of nurse practice acts

Role of regulatory boards to ensure safe practice

Special cases of licensure

Revision of nurse practice acts

Delegation of authority to others

Current licensure activities

Certification

Summary

References

5.�Theories of nursing practice

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Science and theory

Florence nightingale: The first nursing theorist

Survey of selected nursing theories

Future of nursing theories and theorists

Summary

References

6.�Nursing research and evidence-based practice

Professional/ethical issues

Vignette

Chapter overview

Definition of nursing research

Evolution of nursing research

Research priorities

Components of the research process

Study designs

Evidence-based practice and research utilization

Ethical issues related to research

Summary

References

UNIT 2.�Current Issues in Health Care

7.�Paying for health care in America: Rising costs and challenges

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

History of health care financing

Access to health care—the problem of the uninsured and underinsured

The patient protection and affordable care act

How health care is paid for

Implications for nurses: Managing cost-effective, high-quality care

Summary

References

8.�Legal issues in nursing and health care

Professional/ethical issue

Professional/legal issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Sources of law and nursing practice

Statutory law

Common law

Civil law

Reducing legal liability

Intentional torts in nursing practice

The law and patient rights

Summary

References

9.�Ethical and bioethical issues in nursing and health care

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Nursing ethics

Bioethics

The ethics of care

Values formation and moral development

Ethical theory

Ethical principles

Ethical decision-making model

Bioethical dilemmas: Life, death, and dilemmas in between

Summary

References

10.�Cultural competency and social issues in nursing and health care

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Population trends

Economic and social changes

Violence

Attitudes toward culturally diverse groups

Diversity in the health care workforce

Cultural competence

Cultural competence in nursing education

Cultural belief systems

Cultural phenomena

Practice issues related to cultural competence

Cultural assessment

Summary

References

11.�Complementary and alternative healing

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Use of complementary and alternative healing methods

Principles underlying alternative healing

Overview of popular CAM healing therapies

Nursing and complementary and alternative medicine therapies

Summary

Additional resources

References

12.�Palliative care

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Introduction

The natural course of serious illness

Key elements of palliative care

Benefits of palliative care

Barriers to palliative care

Common challenges

Professional issues in palliative care

Legal concern: Right to refuse treatment

Summary

References

13.�Workforce advocacy for a professional nursing practice environment

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Promoting workforce advocacy and a professional practice environment

Nursing shortages and workforce challenges

Safe staffing

Patient advocacy

Nurse and workplace safety

Magnet recognition program and pathways to excellence

Shared governance

Conflict resolution

Summary

References

14.�Collective bargaining and unions in today’s workplace

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Development of collective bargaining in america

The collective bargaining process

Unions and professional nursing

Summary

References

15.�Information technology in the clinical setting

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Health information technology across the globe

Electronic health records

Point-of-care technology

Information literacy for nurses

Consumer health information technology

Future health information technology trends

Summary

References

16.�Emergency preparedness and response for today’s world

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

The national imperative for emergency preparedness

The basics of emergency preparedness and response

Phases of disaster

Lessons learned from mass casualty incidents

Biologic causes of mass casualty

Human causes of mass casualty: Active shooter events

Summary

References

UNIT 3.�Current Issues in Health Care

17.�Nursing leadership and management

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Leadership and management defined and distinguished

Leadership theory

Leadership skills and practices

Management theory

Management functions

Roles of the nurse leader and manager

Creating a caring and respectful environment

Summary

References

18.�Budgeting basics for nurses

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

What is budgeting?

Types of budgets

Developing a budget

Variance analysis

Cost concepts related to budgeting

Improving the cost and quality of clinical care

Summary

References

19.�Effective communication and conflict resolution

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Our profession speaks

The communication process

Verbal versus nonverbal communication

Positive communication techniques

Negative communication techniques

Listening

Written and electronic communication

Handoff report

Communication styles

Special influences on communication

Social media—warning! warning! warning!

Understanding and managing conflict

Summary

References

20.�Effective delegation and supervision

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Delegation and supervision in the health care system

What is delegation?

What should and should not be delegated?

Developing safe delegation practices

Supervision

Assigning versus delegating

Building delegation and supervision skills

Summary

References

21.�Staffing and nursing care delivery models

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Staffing

Nursing care delivery models

Patient-centered care

Case management

Clinical pathways

Choosing a nursing care delivery model

Future nursing care delivery models

Summary

References

22.�Quality improvement and patient safety

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

The urgent case for quality improvement in the U.S. health care system

Principles of quality improvement

Advancing quality through regulation and accreditation

Clinical indicators and process improvement tools and skills

Understanding, improving, and standardizing care processes

Breakthrough thinking to improve quality

Patient safety

The professional nurse and patient safety

QSEN (quality and safety education in nursing) competencies

Role of professional nurses in quality improvement

Summary

References

23.�Health policy and politics: Get involved!

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Nurses’ involvement in health policy and political action

What is health policy?

How is health policy developed?

Health policy through regulation

Health policy and politics: A key connection

Grassroots political strategies

The american nurses association

Current health policy issues

Summary

References

UNIT 4.�Career Management

24.�Making the transition from student to professional nurse

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Real-life scenario

Impact of shock in novice nurses

Reality shock

Transition shock

Causes of shock in novice nurses

From novice to expert

Special needs of novice nurses

Violence at work

Intuition

Strategies to ease transition

Keys to survival during transition

Meeting special needs of the novice nurse

Summary

References

25.�Managing time: The path to high self-performance

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Health care today

Perspectives on time

Energy management

Time and energy distractions

Time-management strategies

Continuing to succeed

Summary

References

26.�Contemporary nursing roles and career opportunities

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Nursing—much the same, but bigger and better

Nurses today: Who are they, and what are they doing?

Advanced practice nursing

What about the future?

Summary

References

27.�Job search: Finding your match

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Exploring options

Written introductions

How to interview effectively

The applicant’s tasks

The employer’s tasks

Summary

References

28.�The NCLEX-RN ® examination

Professional/ethical issue

Vignette

Chapter overview

Are you prepared for the NCLEX-RN examination?

The NCLEX-RN examination

Cognitive domains and the NCLEX-RN examination

Components of the NCLEX-RN test plan

Preparing for the NCLEX-RN examination

Summary

References

Index