Table of Contents

Cover image

Title page

Copyright

Dedications

Contributing Authors

Preface

Acknowledgments

Sections

SECTION 1: AIRWAY

Chapter 1: Approach to Pediatric Airway

Introduction

Anatomic Considerations

Congenital Airway Obstructions

Infectious Causes of Airway Compromise

Noninfectious Intrinsic or Intraluminal Obstructions

Extrinsic Compression of Lower Airway

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)

NORMAL DYNAMIC AIRWAY FINDINGS IN INFANTS

Chapter 2: Expiratory Buckling of Trachea

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 3: Pseudothickening of Retropharyngeal Tissues

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

CLINICAL ISSUES

NEWBORN AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION

Chapter 4: Congenital Nasal Pyriform Aperture Stenosis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 5: Nasolacrimal Duct Mucocele

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 6: Choanal Atresia

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 7: Congenital High Airway Obstruction Sequence

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 8: Tracheal Agenesis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

INFECTIOUS CAUSES OF AIRWAY COMPROMISE

Chapter 9: Epiglottitis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 10: Croup

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 11: Exudative Tracheitis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 12: Retropharyngeal Space Abscess

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA

Chapter 13: Enlarged Adenoid Tonsils

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 14: Enlarged Palatine Tonsils

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 15: Enlarged Lingual Tonsils

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 16: Glossoptosis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

EXTRINSIC VASCULAR COMPRESSION OF AIRWAY

Chapter 17: Double Aortic Arch

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 18: Pulmonary Sling

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 19: Innominate Artery Compression Syndrome

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 20: Right Arch With Aberrant Left Subclavian Artery

KEY FACTS

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

MISCELLANEOUS AIRWAY OBSTRUCTIONS

Chapter 21: Infantile Hemangioma, Airway

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 22: Tracheobronchomalacia

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

SECTION 2: CHEST

Chapter 23: Approach to Pediatric Chest

Introduction

Pulmonary Developmental Abnormalities

Acquired Neonatal Lung Disease

Pediatric Catheters & Tubes

Common Pediatric Pulmonary Infections

Pediatric Mediastinal Masses

Noninfectious Pediatric Lung Masses

Pediatric Chest Trauma

Pediatric Diffuse Lung Disease

NORMAL DEVELOPMENTAL VARIANTS

Chapter 24: Normal Thymus

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 25: Palpable Normal Variants of Chest Wall

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

Radiographic Findings

CT Findings

MR Findings

Ultrasonographic Findings

Imaging Recommendations

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

Soft Tissue or Bone Sarcoma

Osteochondroma

Pectus Excavatum or Pectus Carinatum

Scoliosis

CLINICAL ISSUES

Demographics

Natural History & Prognosis

Treatment

CONGENITAL LUNG LESIONS

Chapter 26: Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 27: Bronchopulmonary Sequestration

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 28: Bronchogenic Cyst

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 29: Congenital Lobar Overinflation

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 30: Bronchial Atresia

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

NEONATAL CHEST ISSUES

Chapter 31: Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 32: Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 33: Surfactant Deficiency Disease

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 34: Neonatal Pneumonia

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 35: Meconium Aspiration Syndrome

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 36: Transient Tachypnea of Newborn

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 37: Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 38: Neonatal Pneumothorax

KEY FACTS

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 39: Chylothorax

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 40: Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 41: Umbilical Catheter Positions and Complications

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 42: Esophageal Intubation

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 43: ECMO Catheters

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 44: PICCs

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

CHEST INFECTIONS

Chapter 45: Viral Chest Infection

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 46: Round Pneumonia

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 47: Parapneumonic Effusion and Empyema

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 48: Pneumonia With Cavitary Necrosis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 49: Fungal Pneumonia in Immunocompromised Children

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 50: Papillomatosis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

PULMONARY MASSES

Chapter 51: Pleuropulmonary Blastoma

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 52: Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

MEDIASTINAL MASSES

Chapter 53: Lymphoma

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 54: Germ Cell Tumors

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 55: Neuroblastoma, Thoracic

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

TRAUMA

Chapter 56: Child Abuse, Rib Fractures

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 57: Lung Contusion and Laceration

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 58: Aortic Injury

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 59: Pneumomediastinum

KEY FACTS

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

PEDIATRIC INTERSTITIAL LUNG DISEASES

Chapter 60: Neuroendocrine Cell Hyperplasia of Infancy

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 61: Pulmonary Interstitial Glycogenosis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 62: Alveolar Growth Abnormality

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 63: Surfactant Dysfunction Disorders

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 64: Swyer-James

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 65: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 66: Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Pulmonary

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

MISCELLANEOUS

Chapter 67: Asthma

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 68: Bronchial Obstruction

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 69: Cystic Fibrosis, Pulmonary

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 70: Chronic Esophageal Foreign Body

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 71: Sickle Cell Disease, Acute Chest Syndrome

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 72: Pectus Excavatum

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 73: Minimally Invasive Pectus Repair Appearance

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 74: Askin Tumor/Ewing Sarcoma of Chest Wall

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 75: Chest Wall Mesenchymal Hamartoma

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 76: Kaposiform Lymphangiomatosis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

SECTION 3: CARDIAC

Chapter 77: Approach to Pediatric Heart

Imaging Anatomy

Anatomy-based Imaging Issues

Indications for Cardiac MR & CT

Cardiac MR vs. Cardiac CT

Cardiac MR requires longer sedation times than CT.

Cardiac 3D Models

CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE

Chapter 78: Atrial Septal Defect

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 79: Ventricular Septal Defect

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 80: Atrioventricular Septal Defect

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 81: Patent Ductus Arteriosus

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 82: Tetralogy of Fallot

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 83: Pulmonary Atresia

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 84: Ebstein Anomaly

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 85: D-Transposition of Great Arteries

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 86: L-Transposition of Great Arteries

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 87: Tricuspid Atresia

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 88: Truncus Arteriosus

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 89: Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 90: Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 91: Left Coronary Artery Anomalous Origin

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 92: Double-Outlet Right Ventricle

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 93: Aortic Coarctation

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 94: Aortic Stenosis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 95: Pulmonary Artery Stenosis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 96: Scimitar Syndrome

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

SURGICAL PROCEDURES FOR CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE

Chapter 97: Blalock-Taussig Shunt

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

Chapter 98: Sano Shunt

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

Chapter 99: Glenn Shunt

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

Chapter 100: Fontan Operation

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

Chapter 101: Norwood Procedure

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 102: Arterial Switch Procedure

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

Chapter 103: Amplatzer Occluder Device

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

CARDIOMYOPATHIES

Chapter 104: Myocarditis

KEY FACTS

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 105: Left Ventricular Noncompaction

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 106: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 107: Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy-Related Cardiomyopathy

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

MISCELLANEOUS

Chapter 108: Heterotaxia Syndromes

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 109: Rhabdomyoma

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 110: Kawasaki Disease

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 111: Rheumatic Heart Disease

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 112: Marfan Syndrome

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 113: Loeys-Dietz Syndrome

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

SECTION 4: GASTROINTESTINAL

Chapter 114: Approach to Pediatric Gastrointestinal Tract

Imaging Techniques

Differential Diagnoses

NORMAL PEDIATRIC VARIANTS

Chapter 115: Normal Variations of Duodenojejunal Junction Position

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 116: Normal Variations of Cecal Position

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 117: Age-Related Appearance of Spleen

KEY FACTS

Imaging

Pathology

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

NEONATAL UPPER INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTIONS

Chapter 118: Malrotation

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 119: Midgut Volvulus

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 120: Duodenal Atresia or Stenosis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 121: Duodenal Web

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 122: Pyloric Atresia

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

NEONATAL LOWER INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTIONS

Chapter 123: Jejunoileal Atresia

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 124: Colonic Atresia

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 125: Multiple Intestinal Atresias

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 126: Meconium Ileus

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 127: Neonatal Small Left Colon

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 128: Hirschsprung Disease

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 129: Anorectal Malformations

KEY FACTS

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

OTHER NEONATAL GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS

Chapter 130: Meconium Peritonitis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 131: Necrotizing Enterocolitis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL ABNORMALITIES TYPICALLY SEEN IN INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN

Chapter 132: Gastroesophageal Reflux

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 133: Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 134: Gastric Volvulus

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 135: Ingested Coins

KEY FACTS

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 136: Ingested Button Batteries

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 137: Ingested Multiple Magnets

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

ABNORMALITIES OF ABDOMINAL WALL

Chapter 138: Hernias

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 139: Omphalocele

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 140: Gastroschisis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 141: Cloacal Exstrophy/OEIS

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 142: Limb-Body Wall Complex

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

OTHER ABNORMALITIES ASSOCIATED WITH BOWEL OBSTRUCTION

Chapter 143: Appendicitis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 144: Ileocolic Intussusception

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 145: Meckel Diverticulum

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 146: Colonic Volvulus

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 147: Internal Hernia

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 148: Segmental Volvulus

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

LIVER ABNORMALITIES

Chapter 149: Hepatoblastoma

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 150: Hepatic Hemangiomas, Infantile and Congenital

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 151: Hepatic Mesenchymal Hamartoma

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 152: Focal Nodular Hyperplasia

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 153: Hepatic Adenoma

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 154: Hepatocellular Carcinoma

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 155: Undifferentiated Embryonal Sarcoma

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 156: Biliary Atresia

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 157: Choledochal Cyst

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 158: Caroli Disease

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 159: Hepatic Fibrosis/Cirrhosis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 160: Steatosis/Steatohepatitis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 161: Hepatic Venoocclusive Disease

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 162: Abernethy Malformation

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 163: Liver Transplant Complications

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

SPLENIC ABNORMALITIES

Chapter 164: Wandering Spleen

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 165: Splenic Infarct

KEY FACTS

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 166: Splenic Cysts

KEY FACTS

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 167: Cat-Scratch Disease

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

PANCREATIC ABNORMALITIES

Chapter 168: Pancreatoblastoma

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 169: Solid Pseudopapillary Neoplasm

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 170: Pancreas Divisum

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 171: Pancreaticobiliary Maljunction

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 172: Annular Pancreas

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 173: Pancreatitis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

MESENTERIC ABNORMALITIES

Chapter 174: Primary Mesenteric Adenitis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 175: Mesenteric Lymphatic Malformation

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 176: Omental Infarction

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

TRAUMA

Chapter 177: Hypoperfusion Complex

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 178: Bowel Injury

KEY FACTS

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 179: Hepatic Trauma

KEY FACTS

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 180: Splenic Trauma

KEY FACTS

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 181: Duodenal Trauma

KEY FACTS

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 182: Pancreatic Trauma

KEY FACTS

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

ABNORMALITIES IN IMMUNOCOMPROMISED CHILDREN

Chapter 183: Posttransplant Lymphoproliferative Disease

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 184: Pseudomembranous Colitis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 185: Neutropenic Colitis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 186: Graft-vs.-Host Disease

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 187: Chronic Granulomatous Disease in Childhood

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 188: Pneumatosis in Older Children

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE

Chapter 189: Crohn Disease

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

Diagnostic Checklist

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 190: Ulcerative Colitis

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

MISCELLANEOUS

Chapter 191: Esophageal Strictures

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 192: Bezoars

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 193: Gastrointestinal Duplication Cysts

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 194: Small Bowel Intussusception

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 195: Henoch-Schönlein Purpura

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 196: Cystic Fibrosis, Gastrointestinal Tract

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 197: Burkitt Lymphoma

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 198: Castleman Disease

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

Chapter 199: Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Top Differential Diagnoses

Pathology

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES

DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

Chapter 200: Abdominal Aneurysms

KEY FACTS

Terminology

Imaging

Clinical Issues

TERMINOLOGY

IMAGING

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

PATHOLOGY

CLINICAL ISSUES