Table of Contents

Cover image

Title page

Copyright

Dedications

Contributing Authors

Preface

Acknowledgments

Sections

SECTION 1: OVERVIEW OF GROSS AND MICROSCOPIC CHANGES

UMBILICAL CORD

Chapter 1: Gross Evaluation and Normal Histology of Umbilical Cord

Chapter 2: Knots

Chapter 3: Umbilical Cord Edema and Thinning

Chapter 4: Histopathologic Changes of Umbilical Cord

EXTRAPLACENTAL MEMBRANES

Chapter 5: Gross Evaluation and Normal Histology of Membranes

Chapter 6: Histopathologic Changes of Membranes

CHORIONIC PLATE

Chapter 7: Gross Evaluation and Normal Histology of Chorionic Plate

Chapter 8: Histopathologic Changes of Chorionic Plate

STEM VILLI

Chapter 9: Gross Evaluation and Normal Histology of Stem Villi

Chapter 10: Histopathologic Changes of Stem Villi

CHORIONIC VILLI

Chapter 11: Gross Evaluation and Normal Histology of Chorionic Villi

Chapter 12: Histopathologic Changes of Chorionic Villi

SEPTA, INTERVILLOUS SPACE, AND BASAL PLATE

Chapter 13: Gross Evaluation and Normal Histology of Septa, Intervillous Space, and Basal Plate

Chapter 14: Histopathologic Changes of Septa, Intervillous Space, and Basal Plate

DECIDUA

Chapter 15: Gross Evaluation and Normal Histology of Decidua

Chapter 16: Histopathologic Changes of Decidua

SECTION 2: PLACENTAL DIAGNOSES

MECONIUM

Chapter 17: Meconium-Stained Placenta

AMNIOTIC FLUID INFECTION SEQUENCE

Chapter 18: Amniotic Fluid Infection Sequence (Maternal and Fetal Inflammatory Response)

Chapter 19: Group B Streptococcus

Chapter 20: Other Bacterial and Mycobacterial Species

Chapter 21: Candida

PLACENTAL INFECTIONS WITH VILLITIS AND OTHER FINDINGS

Chapter 22: Cytomegalovirus

Chapter 23: Parvovirus B19

Chapter 24: Herpes Simplex Virus

Chapter 25: Other Viruses

Chapter 26: Syphilis

Chapter 27: Coccidioidomycosis

Chapter 28: Parasites

CHRONIC INFLAMMATORY LESIONS

Chapter 29: Cellular Composition of Chronic Inflammatory Lesions

Chapter 30: Chronic Villitis

Chapter 31: Chronic Histiocytic Intervillositis

Chapter 32: Basal Chronic Villitis and Chronic Deciduitis

Chapter 33: Chronic Chorioamnionitis and Chorionic Histiocytic Hyperplasia

Chapter 34: Eosinophilic/T-Cell Chorionic Vasculitis

MASSIVE PERIVILLOUS FIBRIN DEPOSITION AND MATERNAL FLOOR INFARCTION

Chapter 35: Massive Perivillous Fibrin Deposition and Maternal Floor Infarction

FETAL VASCULAR MALPERFUSION

Chapter 36: Large Vessel Fetal Vascular Malperfusion

Chapter 37: Distal Villous Lesions of Fetal Vascular Malperfusion

PLACENTAL ABRUPTION

Chapter 38: Acute Abruption and Retroplacental Hematoma

Chapter 39: Chronic Abruption

VILLOUS HYPERVASCULAR LESIONS

Chapter 40: Chorangiosis

Chapter 41: Chorangiomatosis

Chapter 42: Chorioangioma

GESTATIONAL TROPHOBLASTIC DISEASE, RELATED LESIONS, AND OTHER TUMORS

Chapter 43: Hydropic Degeneration

Chapter 44: Partial Hydatidiform Mole

Chapter 45: Complete Hydatidiform Mole

Chapter 46: Gestational Choriocarcinoma

Chapter 47: Placental Site Nodule and Exaggerated Placental Site

Chapter 48: Placental Site Trophoblastic Tumor and Epithelioid Trophoblastic Tumor

Chapter 49: Metastatic Tumors

Chapter 50: Uterine Tumors Associated With the Placenta

PLACENTAL MESENCHYMAL DYSPLASIA

Chapter 51: Placental Mesenchymal Dysplasia

SECTION 3: PLACENTAL EVALUATION IN SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES

DIABETES IN PREGNANCY AND MATERNAL OBESITY

Chapter 52: Diabetes and Obesity in Pregnancy

Chapter 53: Placentomegaly

Chapter 54: Delayed Villous Maturation

PREECLAMPSIA AND MATERNAL VASCULAR MALPERFUSION

Chapter 55: Preeclampsia and Related Hypertensive Disorders

Chapter 56: Small-for-Gestational-Age Placenta

Chapter 57: Distal Villous Hypoplasia

Chapter 58: Decidual Arteriopathy

Chapter 59: Infarcts

Chapter 60: Extravillous Trophoblast Cysts

Chapter 61: Laminar Decidual Necrosis

FETAL-MATERNAL HEMORRHAGE

Chapter 62: Fetal-Maternal Hemorrhage

INTRAUTERINE GROWTH RESTRICTION

Chapter 63: Placental Causes of Poor Fetal Growth

PREMATURITY

Chapter 64: Placental Findings in Premature Birth

ABNORMAL PLACENTAL IMPLANTATION

Chapter 65: Placenta Accreta

INTRAUTERINE FETAL DEMISE

Chapter 66: 1st-Trimester Pregnancy Loss

Chapter 67: 2nd-Trimester Fetal Demise

Chapter 68: 3rd-Trimester Fetal Demise

Chapter 69: Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

Chapter 70: In Utero Demise-to-Delivery Interval Changes

Chapter 71: Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy

MULTIPLE GESTATIONS

Chapter 72: Complications of Monochorionic Monoamniotic Twin Gestations

Chapter 73: Twin Growth Discrepancy

Chapter 74: Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome

Chapter 75: Twin Anemia-Polycythemia Sequence

Chapter 76: After In Utero Intervention for Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome

Chapter 77: Triplet and Higher Order Placenta

MATERNAL COMPLICATIONS OF PREGNANCY

Chapter 78: Maternal Mortality

Chapter 79: Evaluation of Postpartum Hysterectomy

Chapter 80: Postpartum Hemorrhage

SECTION 4: APPENDIX

REFERENCE CHARTS FOR PLACENTAL EVALUATION

Chapter 81: Weights for Singleton Placentas

Chapter 82: Weights for Twin Placentas

Chapter 83: Weights for Triplet Placentas

Chapter 84: Reference Values for Fetal and Placental Growth in Early Pregnancy

SAMPLE TEMPLATES FOR PLACENTAL EVALUATION

Chapter 85: Singleton Placenta Gross Evaluation

Chapter 86: Twin Placenta Gross Evaluation

Chapter 87: Placenta Microscopic Evaluation

Chapter 88: Placenta Triage

INDEX