Table of Contents

Instructions for online access

Cover image

Title page

Copyright

Preface

Acknowledgments

Glossary

Key Equations

1. Principles of Echocardiographic Image Acquisition and Doppler Analysis

Basic Principles

Ultrasound Waves

Transducers

Ultrasound Imaging

Doppler

Bioeffects and Safety

The Echo Exam

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

2. The Transthoracic Echocardiogram

Step-By-Step Approach

The Echo Exam

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

3. Transesophageal Echocardiography

Step-By-Step Approach

The Echo Exam

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

4. Specialized Echocardiography Applications

Stress Echocardiography

Three-Dimensional Echocardiography

Clinical Utility

Myocardial Mechanics

Contrast Echocardiography

Intracardiac Echocardiography

The Echo Exam Specialized Echo Applications

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

5. Clinical Indications and Quality Assurance

Basic Principles

Diagnostic Thinking for the Echocardiographer

Echocardiography for Common Signs and Symptoms

The Echo Exam

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

6. Left and Right Ventricular Systolic Function

Left Ventricular Systolic Function

Right Ventricular Systolic Function

The Echo Exam

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

7. Ventricular Diastolic Filling and Function

Basic Principles

Step-By-Step Approach

Normal Diastolic Function (Fig. 7.14)

Mild Diastolic Dysfunction (Impaired Relaxation) (Fig. 7.18)

Moderate Diastolic Dysfunction (Pseudo-Normalization) (Fig. 7.19)

Severe Diastolic Dysfunction (Decreased Compliance) (Fig. 7.20)

Left Atrial Pressure Estimates

The Echo Exam

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

8. Coronary Artery Disease

Review of Coronary Anatomy and Left Ventricular Wall Segments

Step-By-Step Approach

The Echo Exam: Coronary Artery Disease

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

9. Cardiomyopathies, Hypertensive, and Pulmonary Heart Disease

Cardiomyopathies

Advanced Heart Failure Therapies

Hypertensive Heart Disease

Pulmonary Heart Disease

The Echo Exam

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

10. Pericardial Disease

Step-By-Step Approach

The Echo Exam

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

11. Valvular Stenosis

Aortic Stenosis

Mitral Stenosis

Tricuspid Stenosis

Pulmonic Stenosis (Fig. 11.21)

The Echo Exam

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

12. Valvular Regurgitation

Basic Principles

Aortic Regurgitation

Mitral Regurgitation

Pulmonic Regurgitation

Tricuspid Regurgitation

The Echo Exam: Valve Regurgitation

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

13. Prosthetic Valves

Basic Principles

Aortic Valves

Mitral Valves

Tricuspid Valve Prostheses and Rings

Prosthetic Pulmonic Valves

The Echo Exam Prosthetic Valves

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

14. Endocarditis

Basic Principles

Step-By-Step Approach

Special Situations

The Echo Exam

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

15. Cardiac Masses and Potential Cardiac Source of Embolus

Basic Principles

Step-By-Step Approach

The Echo Exam

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

16. Diseases of the Great Arteries

Basic Principles

Step-By-Step Approach

Special Considerations

The Echo Exam

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

17. The Adult With Congenital Heart Disease

Basic Principles

Step-By-Step Approach

Special Considerations in Common Conditions

The Echo Exam

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

18. Intraoperative and Interventional Echocardiography

Step-By-Step Approach

Intraoperative TEE

Transcatheter and Hybrid Procedures

The Echo Exam

Self-Assessment Questions

Answers

Index