Chitosan-coated magnetic nanoparticles as carriers of 5-Fluorouracil: Preparation, characterization and cytotoxicity studies

Chitosan-coated magnetic nanoparticles as carriers of 5-Fluorouracil: Preparation, characterization and cytotoxicity studies

Chitosan-coated magnetic nanoparticles as carriers of 5-Fluorouracil: Preparation, characterization and cytotoxicity studies

Abstract

The chitosan-coated magnetic nanoparticles (CS MNPs) were prepared as carriers of 5-Fluorouracil (CS–5-Fu MNPs) through a reverse microemulsion method. The characteristics of CS–5-Fu MNPs were determined by using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), FTIR spectroscopy and vibrating-sampling magnetometry (VSM). It was found that the synthesized CS–5-Fu MNPs were spherical in shape with an average size of 100 ± 20 nm, low aggregation and good magnetic responsivity. Meanwhile, the drug content and encapsulation rate of the nanoparticles was 16–23% and 60–92%, respectively. These CS–5-Fu MNPs also demonstrated sustained release of 5-Fu at 37 °C in different buffer solutions. The cytotoxicity of CS–5-Fu MNPs towards K562 cancer cells was investigated. The result showed that CS–5-Fu MNPs retained significant antitumor activities. Additionally, it was observed that the FITC-labeled CS–5-Fu MNPs could effectively enter into the SPCA-1 cancer cells and induced cell apoptosis.

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