Detection of human cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus by the polymerase chain reaction in patients with ß-thalassaemia

Detection of human cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus by the polymerase chain reaction in patients with ß-thalassaemia

Detection of human cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus by the polymerase chain reaction in patients with ß-thalassaemia

Abstract

Infections caused by Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) are common in multiple transfused patients, such as patients with beta-thalassaemia. The ability of the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) to amplify HCMV and EBV DNA from blood and other samples makes this technique a valuable diagnostic tool for the detection of both viruses in the early stages of the infection. PCR was used for the amplification of a 435 bp region of the immediate early-1 (IE-1) gene of HCMV and a 375 bp sequence from the EcoRI B fragment of EBV genome. Blood samples from 80 patients with beta-thalassaemia were examined. HCMV was found in 14 and EBV in 12 patients. The results obtained confirm the implications of HCMV and EBV in the diagnosis of viral infections in multiple transfused patients as well as the importance of PCR technique as a valuable diagnostic tool.

 

 

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