Fulminant myocarditis and viral infection

Fulminant myocarditis and viral infection

Fulminant myocarditis and viral infection

Abstract

Myocarditis is most often caused by a viral infection. Less common causes include other infectious agents and autoimmune diseases. Fulminantmyocarditis is an unusual complication with a rapidly progressive course resulting in severe heart failure and cardiogenic shock. Fulminantmyocarditis should be treated with full supportive care, using aggressive pharmacologic therapy and mechanical circulatory support, because significant improvement in left ventricular function will often occur. Cardiac transplantation is required in a small minority of patients. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is becoming a frequently used modality to aid in the diagnosis of myocarditis.

 

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