Search for Human Herpesvirus 6 and Human Cytomegalovirus in Bronchoalveolar Lavage From Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus-I and Respiratory Disorders

Search for Human Herpesvirus 6 and Human Cytomegalovirus in Bronchoalveolar Lavage From Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus-I and Respiratory Disorders

Search for Human Herpesvirus 6 and Human Cytomegalovirus in Bronchoalveolar Lavage From Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus-I and Respiratory Disorders

Abstract

Virus isolation and viral DNA detection by the polymerase chain reaction were used to investigate the presence of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) in bronchoalveolar lavage from 34 human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1)-infected patients with respiratory disorders. The aim was to assess the presence of reactivated HHV-6 in lung tissues for a subsequent evaluation of the frequency of virus involvement in respiratory clinical manifestations in the course of HIV-1 infection. Bronchoalveolar lavage samples were tested for the presence of HCMV, as a routine investigation within a protocol monitoring opportunistic infections in symptomatic HIV-1 patients. Whereas HCMV DNA was detected by the polymerase chain reaction in 12 bronchoalveolar lavage specimens, 10 of which were also positive for virus isolation, all samples were negative for HHV-6 by both virological procedures. The HHV-6 DNA finding in bronchoalveolar lavage from an HIV-1-seronegative patient with renal carcinoma, investigated accidentally together with the bronchoalveolar lavage specimens from HIV-1 seropositive patients, stressed the HHV-6 polymerase chain reaction-negative results in the bronchoalveolar lavage samples under study. It is concluded that the lung may be a target organ for HCMV infection in HIV-1-seropositive patients affected by respiratory symptoms but that this does not seem to be the case for HHV-6.

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