The platelet-poor plasma 5-HT response to carbohydrate rich meal administration in adult autistic patients compared with normal controls

The platelet-poor plasma 5-HT response to carbohydrate rich meal administration in adult autistic patients compared with normal controls

The platelet-poor plasma 5-HT response to carbohydrate rich meal administration in adult autistic patients compared with normal controls

Abstract

There are cumulative data indicating involvement of the 5-HT system in autistic disorder. Most studies examining 5-HT function have focused on whole blood 5-HT content. The carbohydrate-rich meal test (CRMT) is a dietary manipulation that could significantly influence platelet-poor plasma (PPP) 5-HT levels and reflect the responsiveness of the serotonergic system in ‘free’ plasma. In this study, CRMT was used as an indicator of 5-HTresponsivity in drug-free adults with autistic disorder (n = 7), compared with normal controls (n = 10). The PPP 5-HT levels were measured at baseline and during 3 h after administration of the CRMT. A significant elevation in PPP 5-HT levels in adult autistic patients was reached 60 min after mealadministration (p < 0.03 vs control and p = 0.05 vs baseline) and a significant decrease was noted after 120 min (p < 0.01 vs baseline). In contrast to the biphasic response of the autistic patients, normal controls exhibited a gradual linear increase of PPP 5-HT levels. Our results indicate that in adultautistic patients, the pattern of PPP 5-HT responsivity to a dietary challenge of CRMT is dysregulated compared with normal controls and provide further support for the role of 5-HT in autism.

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