Unique Case of Growth Hormone (GH) Deficiency Accompanied by Clinical Anophthalmia, Hypoplastic Orbits, Digital Dysplasia, Short Stature, Obesity, and Diabetes Mellitus

Unique Case of Growth Hormone (GH) Deficiency Accompanied by Clinical Anophthalmia, Hypoplastic Orbits, Digital Dysplasia, Short Stature, Obesity, and Diabetes Mellitus

Unique Case of Growth Hormone (GH) Deficiency Accompanied by Clinical Anophthalmia, Hypoplastic Orbits, Digital Dysplasia, Short Stature, Obesity, and Diabetes Mellitus

Abstract

A 43-year-old female was admitted to our hospital for polydipsia and hyperglycemia. She had total blindness and globes were not recognized by inspection, indicating clinical anophthalmia. Physical examination revealed short stature, obesity, prematurely gray hair, shortness of fingers and toes, syndactyly, and multiple dental caries. Laboratory examination showed hyperglycemia, increased glycosilated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and insulin resistance on euglycemic glucose clamp. Blunted growth hormone (GH) secretion was shown in response to insulin-induced hypoglycemia, arginine infusion, and GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) loading test, and in 24 h spontaneous GH profile. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) showed dysostosis of orbit, defect of optic nerve, enlarged suprasellar cistern, and prolonged pituitary stalk. This may be the first report of a unique case with GH deficiency accompanied by clinical anophthalmia, hypoplastic orbits, digital dysplasia, short stature, obesity, anddiabetes mellitus.
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