Zoonotic henipavirus transmission

Zoonotic henipavirus transmission

Zoonotic henipavirus transmission

Hendra virus (HeV) and Nipah virus (NiV) are emerging zoonotic
viruses and members of the genus Henipavirus (family Paramyxoviridae)
that cause severe respiratory illness and encephalitis in
humans. HeV was identified as the causative agent of an acute
respiratory disease in horses in 1994 and to date there have been
only 7 human infections with HeV, of which 4 were fatal (57%). All
patients initially presented with influenza-like illnesses (ILI) after
an incubation period of 7–16 days. While two individuals recovered
from ILI, one patient developed pneumonitis and died from
multiorgan failure. Three other patients developed encephalitic
manifestations (mild confusion, ataxia) with two fatal cases experiencing
seizures.

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